Toy Industry Association (TIA) Statement on the Standards
for Restricting Cadmium in Toys
October 21, 2010
In January 2010, the Toy Industry Association (TIA) launched a
proactive initiative to update the federally mandated ASTM F963 toy
safety standard to cover soluble heavy metals in toy substrate
material. TIA’s enhancement of the existing restrictions
will better align the U.S. national standard with requirements in Europe
ASTM F963 has long restricted cadmium and heavy metals in the
accessible surfaces of toys. While there have been reported issues
regarding the presence of cadmium in children’s jewelry products,
the effectiveness of F963’s longstanding restrictions is
demonstrated by the fact that no issues in toys have been
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has been kept
apprised of TIA’s progress via a formal presentation on April 26,
2010, and periodic updates throughout the year.
On October 19, 2010, the CPSC released the findings of testing they
have done on children’s metal jewelry indicating that those
products – given the materials with which they are made, their
size and usage – may call for a different test procedure and
duration than those used in toys.
The ASTM toy safety committee – which is comprised of
representatives of the toy industry, government, consumer groups and
medical professionals — will consider the CPSC report to determine
its applicability for toys.
TIA will also consider the Commission’s data and recommended
test methods as it finalizes its proposal to ASTM for revision of the
heavy metals requirements. The TIA proposal is expected to
be discussed at the ASTM toy safety committee meeting in November.
Formal consideration by the multi-stakeholder committee will be in
accordance with the procedures of both ASTM International and American
National Standards Institute (ANSI).
As a mandatory consumer product safety rule, and under the terms of
the federal Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA), any
revision of the ASTM F963 standard, once approved by ASTM, must also be
reviewed by CPSC staff to confirm the updates improve safety. Upon
CPSC endorsement there will be a six-month window before the new
standard goes into effect as law.