U.S. and International Toy Safety Standards

All toys sold in the U.S., regardless of where they are made, must be tested to verify compliance with rigorous U.S. toy safety requirements, including more than 100 safety tests and standards. These standards are shaped by a variety of considerations, including research on child development, dynamic safety testing, and risk analysis. U.S. toy safety requirements are among the most stringent in the world and are widely emulated in other markets around the globe.

Development & Oversight

A key element of the toy safety requirements in force in the U.S. is the ASTM F963 Toy Safety Standard, under the auspices of ASTM International. This international standard is a mandatory rule for all toys sold in the U.S. and is under continual review by the ASTM Subcommittee on Toy Safety. ASTM International welcomes and encourages participation in the development and review of its standards; those interested in participating in the review of ASTM F963 may visit the ASTM website for information on participation.

ASTMF963 has been recognized by the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and other regulatory bodies around the world as a gold standard for product safety. In 2008, Congress mandated compliance with, and mandatory testing to, the ASTM F963 standard and provided a mechanism for its ongoing oversight by the ASTM Subcommittee on Toy Safety, with the approval of the CPSC.

In 2013, CPSC Chairman Inez Tennenbaum recognized the F15.22 Subcommittee on Toy Safety, chaired by The Toy Association’s Joan Lawrence, as a recipient of the Chairman’s Commendation Circle Award. This honor was given in recognition of the Subcommittee’s accomplishments in protecting children over the past three decades.

U.S. Domestic

United States toy safety standards and regulations are considered to be some of the strictest in the world and provide the model for many of the rules in other countries. Among the requirements applicable to toys and related products in the U.S. market are the following:

Toy Safety Standard

Where to Get a Copy

Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) CPSIA Legislation
HR 2715
For additional information on compliance see the CPSC’s CPSIA information page.
Code of Federal Regulations; Key Sections of Commercial Practices 16, Part 1000 to End U.S. Government Printing Office

ASTM F963-11 Standard Consumer Safety Specification on Toy Safety

INTERPRETATIONS RELATED TO ASTM F963-11 (December 2015 Update)

CPSC Guidance on applicable requirements of ASTM F963-2011 CPSC
ASTM F834-84 (2008) Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Chests ASTM
ASTM F1148-09 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment ASTM
ANSI Z315.1-2012 American National Tricycles- Safety Requirements ANSI
Title 15--Commerce and Foreign Trade, Chapter II--National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce
Subchapter H: Marking of Toy, Look-alike and Imitation Firearms,
Part 272
U.S. Government Printing Office
ANSI/UL 696, Ninth Edition Standard Electric Toys ANSI
ASTM F1313-90 (2011) Standard Specification for Volatile N-Nitrosamine Levels in Rubber ASTM
Guidance on Toy Gun Marking Requirements Appendix “A”
Appendix “B”
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Rattles CPSC
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Pacifiers CPSC
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission Labeling Requirements for Art Materials Presenting CPSC
U.S. Child Safety Protection Act, Small Parts Hazard Warning Rule and Rules for Reporting Choking CPSC
State of New Jersey Yo Yo Available here
Age Determination Guidelines: Relating Children's Ages to Toy Characteristics and Play CPSC
Revised Summary of States' Stuffed Toy Licensing and Labeling Laws Available here
Regulatory Requirements for Registration of Certain Toys, Games and Art Materials under the Texas Hazardous Substances Act. Available here
NOTE: Laser and Laser Pointers are subject to a variety of restrictions by state law and raise Regulations & Information:


ASTM F963 serves as a model standard for other international jurisdictions. Additionally,ISO 8124 is an international standard for toy safety available in English from the International Standardization Organization.

A list of other standards for toys and children's products used in foreign markets is compiled by The Toy Association in its role as Secretariat for the International Council of Toy Industries (ICTI). Additional information about these standards can be found on the International Standards page of the ICTI website. Where available, contact information to obtain the referenced document(s) is indicated.